Endangered Rhino Birth Marks Conservation Milestone in Chile


In a rare celebratory moment within the world of endangered species preservation, a 13-year-old southern white rhinoceros named Hannah has given birth to a robust male calf in Santiago, Chile. This event was made even more exceptional due to the fact that the wide-eyed calf, fondly called Silverio, is only the third southern white rhino to be born in South America’s history.

The Buin Zoo, nestled within the heart of Chile’s capital, revealed the tiny titan to an awestruck public on Tuesday. Charming onlookers, Silverio boldly debuted his sturdy, albeit slightly unsteady, legs to the world after undergoing extensive medical supervision in isolation for his initial 12 days of life.

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The birth of Silverio has been held high and heralded as a ‘remarkable achievement’ in the sphere of global conservation. Over the past year, a mere handful, a total of eight southern white rhinos have navigated their way into the world, lending an extra layer of triumph to this singular milestone.

Buin Zoo’s director, Ignacio Idalsoaga, expressed his jubilation over the endearing budding romance between Hannah and a male rhino called Oliver. The pair were transported to Santiago from their native sub-Saharan Africa a little over ten years ago. Since making the Chilean capital their home, the pair has been successful in parenting three rhino calves — a rare feat in itself that has managed to renew hope among global conservationists.

The endangered status of the species has made successful breeding attempts few and far between across Latin America, prompting Idalsoaga to proudly declare, “We are contributing with a ninth calf to a species that has only a few left in the wild.”

The road for young Silverio is marked by promise after a team of vigilant veterinarians gave him a clean bill of health. This brings hope amidst the grave reality that the magnificent white rhinos are dramatically dwindling in numbers within their native African plains.

The northern white rhino, a close genetic relative of the southern white rhino, has been already declared extinct in the wild. However, a glimmer of possibility remains as the international scientific community has delved into the realms of assisted reproduction and stem cell research to revive the species.

Southern white rhinos, though more populous with a recorded population of around 10,000, have their own share of struggles. As a species, they teeter on the edge of endangerment. Intensive conservation efforts, though they have managed to bring the species back from the precipice of annihilation, face the ongoing challenges of excessive hunting for their precious horns and the cumbersome hurdles of breeding the gentle giants in captive environments.

Humans hold the dubious honor of being the solitary predators of rhinos, with over 1,000 rhinos being hunted down each year, as per international conservation union estimates. As a counterpoint to this staggering loss, an estimated 17 rhinos are fortunate enough to be born each year. Silverio’s entry into the world, therefore, marks a much-needed victory in the enduring battle for the protection and preservation of these magnificent mammals.